Differences between cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Jul 4, 2019 by

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemicals found in humans, some primate mammals and plants – mainly plants from the Cannabis family (Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Ruderalis). Interestingly, there are on average around 88 different cannabinoids in the dried hemp plant, including THC and CBD. But how are they different?

What is CBD (cannabidiol)?

CBD is the active compound of cannabis sativa and represents the main phytocannabinoid present in the entire phytocomplex (hundreds of chemicals and over 70 phytocannabinoids, some of which are still little known). For several years, the world of science and medicine has been interested in CBD, mainly due to the discovery of its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and neuroprotective effects.

What is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)?

THC is a chemical compound that affects human endocannabinoid system in a positive way, influencing many vital functions which include, among others, mood, energy levels, sleep, pain sensation, appetite stimulation and relieving nausea. Through special receptors, THC cannabinoid acts on human mind and body.

THC and CBD – what do they have in common?

Both THC and CBD are used for various purposes in the therapeutic field. Both compounds bring benefits to human health. Not everybody knows that THC has antispasmodic, analgesic, antiemetic, anticonvulsive, anti-inflammatory properties and is able to stimulate appetite. What’s interesting, CBD relieves the negative effects of THC, the so-called feeling of “being high”.

THC and CBD – what makes them different?

THC, in contrast to CBD, has psychoactive properties, which – on the other hand – is able to counteract the intoxication accompanying THC. Another difference between THC and CBD is the ability of THC to bind with CB1 receptor present in the central nervous system, whereas CBD interacts with the CB2 receptor, present in various areas of the human body, in particular in the immune system.

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