Extended Reality Transforming Higher Education

Aug 27, 2021 by

The COVID-19 pandemic sped up the use of Extended Reality (XR) technology in higher education particularly for virtual science laboratories. Alnagrat, Rizalafande, and Idrus (2020) discuss the role of extended reality technology and its impact on both education and the future of virtual training in increasing students’ efficiency.

Virtual laboratories are being perceived as sustainable solutions to growing concerns related to a shortage of infrastructure and access especially in developing nations (Achuthan et al., 2020). Achuthan et al., (2020) examined how VLs have changed or modified users through its adoption.

Even before the pandemic shutdowns, the incorporation of virtual laboratories within classroom education had brought transformations in teaching laboratory courses. Radhamani et al., (2021) explored the role of virtual laboratories as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in ensuring the continuity of teaching–learning, providing alternative ways for skill training from home.


Will virtual science labs fully replace the physical laboratory environment? Will more universities adopt the use of extended reality technology?


Extended reality, virtual laboratories, higher education, education technology, higher education computer science


Achuthan, K., et al. (2020). Innovation adoption and diffusion of virtual laboratories. International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (IJOE), 16(09), 4. Retrieved from:  http://doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v16i09.11685

Alnagrat, A.J.A., Rizalafande, C.I., and Idrus, S.Z.S. (2020). Extended reality (xr) in virtual laboratories: A review of challenges and future training directions. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1874, The 1st International Recent Trends in Engineering, Advanced Computing and Technology Conference (RETREAT) 1-3 December 2020, Paris, France. Retrieved from: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1874/1/012031

Radhamani, R., Kumar, D., Nizar, N., Achuthan, K., Nair, B., & Diwakar, S. (2021). What virtual laboratory usage tells us about laboratory skill education pre- and post-COVID-19: Focus on usage, behavior, intention and adoption. Education and Information Technologies, 1–19. Advance online publication. Retrieved from:  http://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-021-10583-3

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