Threat Intelligence: Everything You Need to Know

Mar 17, 2020 by

The more we get connected to the digital world, more we realize how important cyber security is. As we see how fast cyber attacks are increasing, cyber security should be there thriving to match the pace or being one step ahead is what should be the focus. We better go for new solutions to give a boost to security. It has been more than thirty years since internet was invented and little did we know that there would be things like cyber crime. We paid very little attention towards security as nobody could have imagined how important it would become in future. Terms like cyber attack and cyber criminals were used quite frequently back then.

Dealing of all kind of security issues in the field of information technology and communication technology is how we can define cyber security. There is wide range of security measures, concepts and guidelines involved in this and the motive is to provide protection for everything that is connected to the internet by any means. It is provided against unauthorized interruptions, data manipulation, identity theft and the motive for this all is to steal data or temper it. We can define a cyber attack as a hostile attack on someone’s network. For that, attacker looks into the system of that person for any weak point to get in and start doing his unethical and illegal work. These criminals can target anyone including government organizations, companies, individual persons or they can even target a country’s entire infrastructure. Due to all these things importance of cyber security has been on its peak lately.

What is Threat Intelligence

Nearly every industry has a taste of digital technologies today. These technologies have revolutionized all the industries by bringing everything a step closer. But, with all the good things it has brought to us it has also brought cyber security risks in the form of cyber attacks. When an organization collects and analyzes data to extract knowledge to understand the threats and how to mitigate those threats is what we call threat intelligence. It gives you knowledge to understand who is the person attacking you, what is the motivation behind the attack and how capable the attacker is. Threat intelligence makes us able to make better and informed decisions when it comes to security. By the help of threat intelligence we go from reactive to proactive mode that prevents a lot of attacks.

Why is Threat Intelligence Important?

In today’s world of cyber security where evil doers (hackers) and cyber security experts are trying to outdo each other and organizations are always on a hunt to know the next moves of hackers to make proactive moves and stop them before they even start attacking. To make those proactive moves and plans for future, cyber security teams require sufficient amount of knowledge. That knowledge is provided by threat intelligence by unveiling truths about cyber threats. It enables cyber security teams to plan everything proactively and make security decisions that are the best for organization.

One of the most important benefits provided by threat intelligence is that it lets a security engineer understand the thinking process of a hacker that of course helps in the decision making about security system and respond in the less time possible that is a very important thing to prevent data loss. Learning about this has become way easier and we can just go for incident response training course to understand it and apply it.

Benefits of Threat Intelligence

The benefits of threat intelligence are being enjoyed by almost every size of business discarding the fact that it is a small business or a big one. The one most important thing from which everyone benefitted from is its way of making you understand the behavior and thinking of hackers that helps you plan how to respond in the fastest way possible and that too before even the attacker attacks, going with the proactive approach.

There is no way that a security team can process and work on the alerts that they receive on the daily basis. It is threat intelligence that works side by side with the existing security system and prioritize threats by filtering them. Risk analysis and accurate security operations are carried out seamlessly with the help of all the knowledge gathered by using threat intelligence.

Types of Threat Intelligence

As we have discussed how we can get so much power by gaining the knowledge about potential cyber threats when working with threat intelligence. Information about the threats can simply be straightforward names like malicious domain or it can be a complex one like the detailed profile of a hacker. The best way to know about all the threats and ways to handle them that is doing certification and the best in the business right now is CISSP and you can appear for its exam by just doing CISSP certification training. There are three levels of threat intelligence that are following.

  • Tactical Intelligence

Technical intelligence is a type of threat intelligence that is tactical in nature. It is the best in identifying indicators of compromises. Malicious domains, affected URLS and file hashes are the ones that fall into the category of indicators of compromises. The easiest way to generate automated intelligence is technical intelligence. Lifespan of technical intelligence is not that long as IOCs can be go obsolete.

  • Operational Threat Intelligence

In the exact same way sports players study their opponent team players techniques to defend or attack in a better way, cyber security specialist do study their opponents that are hackers. There are three things behind every attack that who, why and how. Combining these three things make up an attack. Analysis done by humans and machine together create the operational intelligence. Requirement of resources in operational threat intelligence is much more than tactical intelligence.

  • Strategic Threat Intelligence

Cyber criminals do not operate just in a vacuum, they are using a lot of factors and tools for the purpose of attacking and they are sometimes more advanced than the one used in cyber security. In strategic intelligence we see how things like foreign policies, international events and other things like that can have an impact on the cyber security. It focuses on the understanding of risks that an organization is most likely to face.

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